Questionnaire for Inviting ideas & views on
Preparation to face crises is the most important aspect. This preparation has to be for the Government agencies, the community AND THE CIVIL SOCIETY AT LARGE INCLUSIVE OF volunteers, specialized functionaries like doctors etc.
Ø KEEPING IN FOCUS THAT DIFFERENT TYPES OF CRISES WOULD DEMAND DIFFERENT REQUIREMENTS, WHAT, ACCORDING TO YOU/YOUR ORGANISATION SHOULD BE ;
(a) THE ADMINISTRATIVE SET UP AND
(b) THE ARRANGEMENTS
AN IDENTICAL SETUP FOR EACH CRISIS
A DIFFERENT ADMINISTRATIVE SET UP AND DIFFERENT TYPES OF PREPARATIONS?
COMMAND CENTRES AT THE NATIONAL AND REGIONAL LEVELS?
IF ANY OTHER, PLEASE SPECIFY
Ø HOW SHOULD THE COMMUNITY BE PREPARED TO FACE CRISIS?
Ø WHAT SHOULD THE COMMUNITY BE TAUGHT TO PREPARE IT
TO FACE ANY CRISIS?
Ø WHAT AND WHICH ARRANGEMENTS THAT ARE AVAILABLE TO
THEM FROM THE CONCERNED AUTHORITY, SHOULD BE BROUGHT TO
THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE COMMUNITY?
Ø WHAT SHOULD BE THE DISSEMINATION MECHANISM?
Ø SHOULD THERE BE A MAPPING OF LIKELY CRISIS IN EACH DISTRICT?
Ø HOW TO ACHIEVE CIVIL- MILITARY SYNERGIES?
Ø SHOULD TRAINING IN CIVIL DEFENCE AND DISASTER MANAGEMENT BE MADE COMPULSORY FOR ALL OFFICERS?
(C) ANY OTHER, PLEASE SPECIFY
Ø MOST MAJOR NATURAL DISASTERS ARE CYCLIC IN THEIR OCCURRENCE AND IN THE SAME AREAS OF THE COUNTRY YEAR AFTER YEAR.
IS IT POSSIBLE TO TAKE ANY PREVENTIVE MEASURES?
IF YES, KINDLY STATE:
Ø ALLOTMENT OF DEVELOPMENT FUNDS FOR BUILDING CAPACITY TO PREVENT AND MITIGATE DISASTERS IS POSSIBLE.
PLEASE IDENTIFY THE AREAS IN WHICH THIS OPTION NEEDS TO BE EXERCISED?
Ø ACCORDING TO YOU:
(A) WHAT SHOULD BE THE ROLE OF THE NGOs
(B) HOW SHOULD THE NGOS BE INVOLVED?
WHAT SHOULD BE THE ROLE OF THE CORPORATE SECTOR?
o HOW CAN THEY BE BEST UTILISED AS THEY HAVE :
· THE FINANCIAL RESOURCES,
· THE EQUIPMENTS
· A TRAINED WORKFORCE.
Ø THERE ARE DISASTERS LIKE INDUSTRIAL ACCIDENTS, EPIDEMICS ETC, WHICH CAN BE PREVENTED BY PROPER ENFORCEMENT OF EXISTING REGULATIONS.
WHAT ARE THE REASON(S) IN NOT ENFORCING CERTAIN REGULATIONS?
(B) CALLOUS ATTITUDE
(C) IF ANY OTHER, PLEASE SPECIFY
WHAT MEASURES WOULD YOU SUGGEST FOR PROPER ENFORCEMENT OF SUCH REGULATIONS?
Ø DO YOU FEEL THAT THE FUND FLOW MECHANISM IS INEFFECTIVE?
IF YES, WHY?
Ø WHAT SHOULD BE THE MECHANISM FOR THE FLOW OF FUND IN CASE OF SUCH EMERGENCIES / DISASTERS?
Ø HOW CAN RELIEF AND REHABILITATION MEASURES BE LINKED WITH LONG TERM DEVELOPMENT?
Ø HOW CAN SYSTEMS TO DEAL WITH INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE BE PUT IN THE PROPER PLACE ONCE IT REACHES THE :
Ø HOW CAN A SOUND INFORMATION DATABASE BE BUILT IN TO THE SYSTEM?
Ø HOW CAN APPROPRIATE AND EFFECTIVE LINKAGES BE ESTABLISHED
BETWEEN KNOWLEDGE BASED INSTITUTIONS?
Ø DO THE EXISTING REGULATIONS SUCH AS THE BUILDING BYELAWS, NEED RE-EXAMINATION?
2. EARLY WARNING SYSTEMS:
Major natural disasters like floods & drought are cyclic in their RE-occurrence in the same areas of the country year after year. Advance action to prevent or mitigate their impact is possible. To be forewarned is to be forearmed. Technology is now available which can give adequate advance notice in the case of cyclones and quite a few hours in case of Tsunami.
Ø WHAT ARE THE WARNING DEVICES, THAT YOU ARE AWARE OF BEING AVAILABLE TO US, IN INDIA, FOR NATURAL DISASTERS OF DIFFERENT TYPES?
Ø WHAT ARE THE GAPS IN OUR EXISTING WARNING SYSTEMS?
Ø ARE THESE GAPS DUE TO TECHNOLOGICAL CONSTRAINTS?
IF NO, WHAT MAY BE / ARE THE REASONS
Ø HOW CAN THE COMMON MAN / THE PUBLIC BE GIVEN THE EARLY WARNINGS?
§ WHAT ARE THE BEST PRACTICES, WHICH CAN BE
FOLLOWED / REPLICATED?
3. MANAGING RELIEF:
The electronic media has reduced the response time to a major disaster, of the whole world --- IN ANY PLACE IN THE WORLD, AS ALSO anywhere in the world. As a result, relief material & expertise begin to pour in at the nearest airports and railway stations for BEING TAKEN / CARRIED TO wherever it is required. Even the district headquarters of the affected districts get FLOODED WITH RELIEF MATERIAL and over-crowded. AND volunteers & experts of all types, ALONG WITH THE DISTRICT ADMINISTRATION IN THE the recipient district ARE sometimes unprepared in dealing with this inflow of men & materials. At times, some of these materials may not be of much use AS THEY ARE NOT REALLY NECESSARY.
Ø KINDLY SUGGEST WAY(S) TO STREAMLINE THIS STATE OF AFFAIRS?
Ø AFTER THE INITIAL RUSH OF AID AND RELIEF MATERIAL, HELP GENERALLY REDUCES. HOW TO ENSURE THAT THE RELIEF AND REHABILITATION MEASURES ARE SUSTAINED TILL THE TIME OF NEED?
Ø AFTER DISASTER, RELIEF IN VARIOUS FORMS POURS IN. HOW SHOULD THIS BE STREAMLINED AND COORDINATED?
Technology is the major advantage, which is available today to managers of disasters. There are however gaps in the technological products and services vis-à-vis their absorption and more effective utilization down the line. Early warning products, for example, need to be ‘actionable’ at the community level.
Ø WHAT TECHNOLOGIES CAN YOU SUGGEST TO PROVIDE ASSISTANCE IN MANAGING DISASTERS?
Ø KINDLY STATE WHETHER THERE IS ACCESS TO THE AVAILABILITY OF THOSE TECHNOLOGIES?
Ø KINDLY ALSO STATE ABOUT THE USEFULNESS OF THESE TECHNOLOGIES.
Ø WHAT ARE THE GAPS?
Ø WHAT, IN YOUR OPINION CAN BE DONE TO BRING CLOSER THE KNOWLEDGE INSTITUTIONS, DISASTER MANAGEMENT AGENCIES AND COMMUNITY-BASED ORGANIZATIONS?
Ø THE HEROIC ELEMENTS IN SOCIETY COME FORWARD IN SUCH TRAGIC SITUATIONS.
HOW BEST CAN THEY BE MOBILIZED TO PROVIDE RELIEF?
A disaster also provides opportunities to the basest elements in society.
KINDLY SUGGEST WAYS TO HOLD THEM IN CHECK?
4. RESTORATION & REHABILITATION:-
Every disaster traumatizes the affected population specially the women & children. How can this phenomenon be addressed, considering that revival to normalcy is a slow process?
First aid & medical attention itself is a delicate operation requiring a great deal of sensitivity in the doctors & paramedics.
Ø CAN THEY ATTEND TO THE TASK OF REDUCING THE SHOCK DUE TO TRAUMA IN THE FIRST INSTANCE?
Ø WHAT LOCAL ARRANGEMENTS CAN BE MADE TO CARRY ON TRAUMA COUNSELING AFTER THE MEDICOS HAVE LEFT, AS THEY MUST LEAVE AT THE EARLIST TO ATTEND TO OTHER VICTIMS OF DEVASTATION?
Experts and voluntary agencies best handle this phase.
Ø HOW CAN THE LOCAL BODIES & PANCHAYATS BE GEARED TO COORDINATE THESE ACTIVITIES?
Ø CAN THE BENEFICIARIES THEMSELVES BE ORGANIZED FOR SELF-HELP TO BOLSTER THEIR SELF-ESTEEM & SELF-CONFIDENCE AND ALSO TO MINIMIZE COMPLAINTS?
5. QUICK RESPONSE:-
The governmental system in India comprises the Union Government in New Delhi & the State Governments, in the state Capitals. The district administration represents the governmental system closest to people and the community followed by the block development agencies. The first responder in any disaster situation is the community, which has traditionally risen invariably to provide RE4LIEF AND HELP to the needy at the earliest.
Ø WHAT MEASURES WOULD YOU SUGGEST TO ENSURE THAT THE RESPONSE IS TIMELY AND QUICK?
Ø HOW CAN THE PANCHAYATI RAJ SYSTEM AND THE LOCAL MUNICIPALITIES BE EMPOWERED TO COME TO THE AID OF THE COMMUNITY IN A DISASTER SITUATION?
PANCHAYATI RAJ SYSTEM
Ø IS IT POSSIBLE TO HAVE A GROUP OF VOLUNTEERS TRAINED TO PROVIDE HANDS-ON-RELIEF AT SAY, EVERY DISTRICT HEADQUARTERS TO ENABLE QUICK RESPONSE WHENEVER NEEDED? IF SO, WHAT SHOULD BE ITS SIZE? CAN HOME GUARDS FULFILL THIS ROLE?
Ø SHOULDN.'T THE CIVIL POLICE BE TRAINED FOR EMERGENCY RELIEF WORK? CAN THIS HELP IN CHANGING THEIR PUBLIC IMAGE?
Community based disaster management paradigm has received focus worldwide and it is envisaged to empower community directly to enhance their indigenous coping mechanisms.
Ø APART FROM EMPOWERING PANCHYAT RAJ SYSTEM, WHAT COULD BE THE STRATEGIES TO ENHANCE THE COMMUNITY TO RETURN BACK TO NORMAL LIFE?
Ø WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF INTERVENTIONS TO STRENGTHEN INDIGENEOUS COPING MECHANISMS, PROMOTE COLLECTIVE WISDOM AND SOCIAL NETWORKING?
· FINANCIAL, AND
Public concern on issues relating to disaster management assumes great importance immediately after a disaster, but lessons learnt after each episode are forgotten fast.
· HOW WOULD YOU LIKE THE LESSONS LEARNT AFTER EACH DISASTER, TO BE KEPT ALIVE / RETAINED AND INSTITUTIONLISED FOR SUITABLE PREVENTIVE ACTION IN FUTURE?
6. PUBLIC HEALTH:
The Surat plague, about a decade ago, is a grim reminder of what is likely to happen if the public health is not addressed seriously. The Ganga Action Plan launched in 1986 laid down a policy prescription that sewerage only treated by sewerage treatment plants (STP) would be allowed to flow into the Ganga and similarly polluted WASTE / effluents of chemical plants and industries would be treated by special effluent treatment plants (ETPs) to prevent pollution of water bodies. Rivers, water streams and water bodies have been the traditional sources of drinking water in India. The STPs & ETPs are all operated by electricity, which is in short supply in the country. The result is that with poor or indifferent enforcement mechanism, raw sewerage and polluted effluents of industries are flowing uninterrupted into all the rivers, water streams and water bodies in India since the last two decades.
In other words, there is little chance for the drinking water supply all over India to be infection-free. Above ninety per cent of the disease burden in India, especially amongst children, relates to stomach diseases due to infected drinking water.
Ø WHAT REMEDY WOULD YOU SUGGEST TO FIGHT THIS?
7. PROMOTING A CULTURE OF SAFETY:
There is need to inculcate elements of safety concerns in various walks of life as well as in the basic infrastructure of society. Anticipating problems and taking pro-active preventive measures has to be built into the cultural and administrative ethos of the country. Perhaps, without adding to the learning load of the students of various levels according to their mental & physical capacities,
Ø HOW CAN SAFETY CONCERNS BE BUILT INTO THE EXTRA/CO- CURRICULUR ACTIVITIES OF OUR STUDENTS IN SCHOOLS, COLLEGES, PROFESSIONAL INSTITUTES & UNIVERSITIES?
KINDLY SHARE ANY IDEAS ON THIS, WHICH YOU MAY HAVE AND WHICH MAY BE FURTHER DEVELOPED AND IMPLEMENTED?